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In Animal Farm, Mollie the mare is used by Orwell as an allusion to the wealthy Russian middle class. Like them, Mollie is materialistic and shallow. She is more interested in sugar lumps, ribbons, and gazing at her own reflection than in overthrowing her human master.
Take a look at these quotes to see Mollie’s materialistic side in action:
Mollie Character Quotes
The very first question she asked Snowball was: “Will there still be sugar after the Rebellion?”
She would vanish for hours on end, and then reappear at meal-times, or in the evening after work was over, as though nothing had happened. But she always made such excellent excuses, and purred so affectionately, that it was impossible not to believe in her good intentions.
Mollie refused to learn any but the six letters which spelt her own name. She would form these very neatly out of pieces of twig, and would then decorate them with a flower or two and walk round them admiring them.
Why does Mollie leave the farm?
In Chapter Five, Mollie suddenly disappears from the farm. You’ll notice that this happens three days after an intervention from Clover who had seen Mollie talking with a human stranger and letting him stroke her nose.
A few weeks later, Mollie is seen in the village with a “fat red-faced man” who is feeding her sugar. She is wearing a scarlet ribbon around her neck and her coat is freshly clipped.
What does this tell us about her reasons for leaving the farm?
For a start, it tells us that Mollie wants all the things that Mr. Jones once gave her: human affection, sugar, and ribbons. Since the Rebellion on the farm, these things are no longer available to her.
What is also tells us is that Mollie does not share the ideals of her comrades on the farm. All she wants is to be adored by a human master, not to be “free” and in charge of her own destiny.
Mollie, therefore, has nothing to gain under the principles of Animalism, so it is hardly surprising that she leaves the farm and never returns.